The Goods and Services Tax (GST) is applicable on supply of Goods and Services to raise a Tax Invoice, Payment of GST and to comply with the GST Provisions GST Registration is necessary and mandatory. We professionally help you to obtain GST Registration and further advise on GST Returns.
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In any tax system registration is the most fundamental requirement for identification of taxpayers ensuring tax compliance in the economy. Registration of any business entity under the GST Law implies obtaining a unique number from the concerned tax authorities for the purpose of collecting tax on behalf of the government and to avail Input tax credit for the taxes on his inward supplies. Without registration, a person can neither collect tax from his customers nor claim any input tax credit of tax paid by him.
In GST registration, the supplier is allotted a 15-digit GST identification number called “GSTIN” and a certificate of registration incorporating therein this GSTIN is made available to the applicant on the GSTN common portal. The first 2 digits of the GSTIN is the State code, next 10 digits are the PAN of the legal entity, the next two digits are for entity code, and the last digit is check sum number
Advantages or Benefits of GST Registration
Registration will confer the following advantages to a taxpayer
Tax Payer is legally recognized as a supplier of goods or services.
GST Registration legally authorize the tax payer to collect tax from his customers and pass on the credit of the taxes paid on the goods or services supplied to the purchasers/ recipients.
Registered Tax Payer can claim input tax credit of taxes paid and can utilize the same for payment of taxes due on supply of goods or services.
GST Registration allows seamless flow of Input Tax Credit from suppliers to recipients at the national level
Liability to Register Under the GST
GST being a tax on the event of “supply”, every supplier of goods or services needs to get registered. However, as indicated in the table below, small businesses with all India aggregate turnover less than the threshold turnover (See Table Below) are not required to register under GST. However, the small businesses, having turnover below the threshold limit, can voluntarily opt to register. The aggregate turnover includes his supplies on behalf of his principals but excludes the value of job-worked goods if he is a job worker.
Threshold Limit For GST Registration
Where threshold is of ₹ 10 lakh for both goods & services
Where threshold is of ₹ 20 lakh for both goods & services
Threshold is ₹ 20 lakh for services & ₹ 40 lakh for goods
Jammu and Kashmir
All other States
GST Registration is Mandatory in Following Cases
Generally, the liability to register under GST arises when you are a supplier of Goods or Services and your aggregate turnover in the financial year is above the exemption threshold. However, the GST law enlists several specific categories of suppliers who must get compulsory registration irrespective of their turnover. Following are some of the common situations where registration is mandatory.
When your turnover exceeds the threshold limit of Rs 10, 20 or 40 Lakh as per the state & nature of supply, refer to the threshold table above.
Online sellers using E-Commerce Platforms such as Amazon, Flipkart must register under GST from the beginning Only
To supply goods or services in exhibitions, trade fairs or events, where there is no permanent place of business, the Registration as Casual Dealer having 90 days validity is required.
If the business is engaged in the supply of goods between two states, then Registration under GST is required from day one. However, in the case of service, the threshold is 20 Lakhs
Online Information & Database
Person supplying online information and database access service in India or abroad, other than a registered taxable person
NRI, Exporters & Importers
Any NRI person or company supplying goods or services in India or exporting out of India must register under GST regardless of turnover.
Nature of GST Registration
The registration in GST is PAN based and State-specific. The supplier has to register in each of such State or Union territories from where he affects supply. A given PAN-based legal entity would have one GSTIN per State, which means a business entity having its branches in multiple States will have to take separate State wise registration for the branches in different States. But within a State, an entity with different branches would have single registration wherein it can declare one place as the principal place of business and other branches as an additional place of business.
PAN Based Registration
State Specific Registration
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One PAN Multiple GST Number
One State - One GST Registration
Common GSTN Portal
Business Vertical: However, a business entity with separate business verticals (as defined in section 2 (18) of the CGST Act, 2017) in a state may obtain separate registration for each business verticals.
SEZ: Further, a unit in SEZ or an SEZ developer needs to obtain separate registration necessarily. Registration under GST is not tax specific which means that there is a single registration for all the taxes, i.e. CGST, SGST/UTGST, IGST and cesses
Standardisation of procedures: Strict timelines have been stipulated for the completion of different stages of the GST Registration Process. An application has to be submitted online through the common portal (GSTN) within thirty days from when the liability to register arose.
Casual Dealer & Non Residents: The casual and non-resident taxable persons need to apply at least five days before the commencement of the business. For transferee of a business as going concerned, the liability to register arises on the date of transfer.
Exemption from GST registration:
Persons who are engaged exclusively in the business of supplying goods or services or both that are not liable to tax or wholly exempt from tax or an agriculturist, to the extent of supply of produce out of cultivation of land are not liable to register under GST.
If all the supplies being made by a supplier are taxable under reverse charge, there is no requirement for such a supplier to register in light of Notification No. 5/2017-Central Tax dated 19.06.2017.
Stepwise Process of GST Registration
Under the new tax regime of Goods and Services Tax, all persons involved in the supply of goods or services must obtain GST registration. Those who are not registered under GST shall not be allowed to collect GST from customers or claim an input tax credit (ITC) on inward supply. The registration must be applied within 30 days of reaching the threshold limit. For GST, the term Aggregate Turnover means all supplies made by the taxable person, whether on his own or behalf of a principal. However, in the case of a registered job worker, the turnover of supplies under job work won't be included in his turnover. Registration is online but is very tricky and should be done by professionals only.
Step - 1:
The documents required depends on the applicant type, the first step is to arrange the documents required for GST Registration.
Step - 2:
Application At GSTIN
The applicant is registered on GST Portal for submission of the application, for this purpose OTP is sent on the phone and email.
Step - 3:
ARN is generated after submission of application on the GST Portal with all information and required documents
Step - 4:
After generation of ARN, the certificate of GST registration is issued by the GSTIN and GST Number is allotted in approx a week time.
List of Documents Required for GST Registration
Certificate of Incorporation
Company Address Proof
NOC From Owner
PAN Card of Company
Articles of Association
Memorandum of Association
Director Id and address proof
Digital Signature of Director
Certificate of Incorporation
LLP Address Proof
NOC From Owner
PAN Card of LLP
Partners Id Proof
Partner address proof
Digital Signature of DP
PAN card of Proprietor
Address Proof of Proprietor:
Photographs of Proprietor
Note on Proof of Registered Address: We require Electricity Bill / Property Tax Receipt / Sale Deed along with Rent Agreement For Commercial Purpose. Further a NOC fom the owner of the premises is required.
Physical Verification in Connection with GST registration
Physical verification is to be resorted to only where it is found necessary in the subjective satisfaction of the proper officer. If at all, it is felt necessary, it will be undertaken only after granting the registration and the verification report along with the supporting documents and photographs shall have to be uploaded on the common portal within fifteen working days.
Amendment of Registration
Except for the changes in some core information in the registration application, a taxable person shall be able to make amendments without requiring any specific approval from the tax authority. In case the change is for the legal name of the business, or the State where the place of business or additional place of business is situated, the taxable person will apply for amendment within 15 days of the event necessitating the change. The proper officer, then, will approve the amendment within the next 15 days. For other changes like the name of the day to day functionaries, e-mail Ids, Mobile numbers etc., no approval of the proper officer is required, and the amendment can be affected by the taxable person on his own on the common portal. Generally, the amendments take effect from the date of application for amendment. The Commissioner, however, has been given powers to permit amendments with retrospective effect.
Cancellation ofGST Registration
The GST law provides for two scenarios where the GST Registration may be cancelled
the one when the taxable person no more requires it (voluntary cancellation), or
when the proper officer considers the Registration liable for cancellation in view of certain specified defaults (Suo-Motu cancellation) in situations like when the registrant is not doing business from the registered place of business or if he issues a tax invoice without making the supply of goods or services.
The taxable person desirous of cancellation of Registration will apply on the common portal within 30 days of the event warranting cancellation. He will also declare the stock held on the date with effect from which he seeks cancellation in the application. He will also work out and declare the quantum of dues of payments and credit reversal and the particulars of payments made to discharge such liabilities.
In case of voluntary Registration (taken despite not being liable for obtaining Registration), no cancellation is allowed until the expiry of one year from the effective date of Registration. If satisfied, the proper officer has to cancel the Registration within 30 days from the date of application or the date of reply to notice (if issued, when the officer concludes rejection).
Revocation of GST Registration Cancellation
In the case where registration is cancelled suo-motu by the proper officer, the taxable person can apply within 30 days of service of cancellation order, requesting the officer for revoking the cancellation ordered by him. However, before applying, the person has to make good the defaults (by filing all pending returns, making payment of all dues, and so) for which the officer cancelled the registration. If satisfied, the proper officer will revoke the cancellation earlier ordered by him.
However, suppose the officer concludes to reject the request for revocation of cancellation. In that case, he will first observe the principle of natural justice by issuing notice to the person and hearing him on the issue.